Spotting red flags in NFT contracts, Decentralized social networks and more!
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NFTs have become a core aspect of the web3 ecosystem. The emergence of NFTs have attracted a major number of new entrants, and has allowed for new communities to form. As amazing as this innovation has been, infrastructure around NFTs have been faulty, and filled with vulnerabilities that attackers have explored to scam people into giving away thousands of dollars worth of digital assets. Today, we talk about one major vulnerability in the NFT smart contract ecosystem - setApprovalForAll.
Smart contracts are a core aspect of executing various functions for NFTs - send/receive and listing of NFTs on marketplaces are some common examples of functions that people execute with their NFTs. The setApprovalForAll function in a smart contract allows a particular asset to be transferred from your wallet at a later date from an operator. OpenSea for example will be using this function to transfer your NFT from your wallet to the wallet of buyer once your NFT has been sold.
Although an exceptionally useful function, in the case the operator has been compromised, the setApprovalForAll function may drain your wallet to a malicious address. Premint is a service used by NFT creators to collect a list of addresses before the mint date of their project. This is a tool that is used to create hype and prospect leads before any project goes live. Premint recently reported that they have been compromised. As of now, signing any transaction prompted by Premint may drain your wallet - due to the setApprovalForAll function, and this function will also be displayed on your Metamask Wallet. Further details of how the website was compromised are yet to be reported, but for now, it is advised that no transactions be signed prompted by Premint.
So, you want to mint NFTs but don’t know how to spot red flags: If you are using a wallet like MetaMask, review what functions that it is asking for. If you see a setApprovalForAll, be wary and research forums to verify the authenticity of the mint. Segregate wallets, and use each wallet for different reasons. If you want to mint an NFT, use a wallet that does not have any other assets besides those that are important for the mint. All other assets that you do not want getting compromised should be kept under cold storage.
Decentralized social networks seem to be all the rage, but why has this innovation become so important? Founder of Farcaster, Varun Srinivasan notes that social networks with each passing year, places more restrictions on what users and developers can do. Social networks have the ability to close accounts, limit interactions and control what users see on their feed. On the developer end, as the need for auxiliary applications like games to attract users dwindled, developer capabilities were either limited or turned off due to increasing API costs and added complexity.
Decentralized networks could target these problems by ensuring open access to the network for developers, and being able to provide direct interaction between users and their audience. Farcaster wants to build a sufficiently decentralized network to solve these problems. Sufficient decentralization is not a term used to describe a lazy approach to decentralization, but a term used to define the interaction between to individuals with the ability to interact even if the network prevents it.
Strap in for one of the most in-depth state-of-Bitcoin threads ever, courtesy of Will Clemente. The thread talks about long term capital allocation theses, insights into mining activity and valuation methods for Bitcoin.
We know you like all things crypto security because you’re reading this newsletter. But, if you are a fan of candy as well, boy do we have a treat for you. u/D3FEATER has managed to make a Bitcoin cold storage wallet out of skittles, check out the post below!
Updates from Cypherock
PRE-ORDERS FOR INDIA ARE HERE 🇮🇳
As we have begun shipping Cypherock pre-orders within India, we will start shipping internationally over the course of the next two weeks. All pre-order information will be communicated via email.
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